Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write the correct letter in boxes 33-36 on your answer sheet.
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33 Hennepin’s account of his visit to Niagara Falls
34 What caused the event that happened at the Falls in 1848?
35 Roebling’s bridge was remarkable because
36 What causes the water of the Falls to be foamy?
حقوق محفوظ، سلف اوستادی، 1402
33 B: Hennepin’s description is significant for the fact
that it dominated the collective imagination of the Falls [= influenced many people’s impression of the Falls]. Distraction: A: he overstated, not understated
the scale of the Falls; C: the illustration was
mentioned but not that it conflicted; D: criticism by locals at the time is not mentioned – his description
‘turned out’ (later) to be a wild exaggeration.
34 C: A natural phenomenon caused the source of the
falls to be blocked [= This phenomenon occurred due
to strong westerly winds keeping water in Lake Erie, along with an ice jam that dammed the river near
Buffalo, New York]. Distraction: A: workers from the Maid in the Mist took advantage of the situation but
did not cause the falls to stop; B: tourists came to look but that was not the cause; D: Engineers held
back the Falls in 1969.
35 D: It was the first bridge of its kind [wire suspension]
to carry a train [= no bridge of this kind had ever
done this]. Distraction: A: While the bridge had two levels, this is not what made it remarkable; B: the
cost is mentioned ($450,000) but not how expensive that was; C: it was not the first bridge across Niagara Falls.
36 A: A combination of naturally-occurring substances [= The foam in the water at the base of the Falls is not a man-made phenomenon. It is actually calcium carbonate from the mist as it evaporates while going over the Falls. This mixes with decaying diatoms and other algae to produce the foam]. Distraction: B: we know the water drops from a height (para A)
but it is not stated that it affects the water’s colour;
C: downstream is mentioned but not that there are problems upstream; D: pollutants used to be a problem but this not the case today.