Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write the correct letter in boxes 33-36 on your answer sheet.
برای متن ریدینگ در منوی زیر روی نشان پی دی اف کلیک کن!
33 What influenced Stark’s decision to learn Arabic?
A An academic advised her to choose that particular language.
B She planned to accompany a friend to the Middle East.
C She wanted to escape her situation at the time.
D The language had always held an interest for her.
34 How did Stark compare herself to Gertrude Bell?
A She made the journey from Damascus to Syria in less time than Bell did.
B She took less baggage on her trip than Bell took.
C She had a better education than Bell had.
D She took a more exciting route from Damascus than Bell took.
35 What does the writer say about Freya Stark as an explorer?
A She was the first to find some major landmarks.
B She deserved more recognition than she received.
C She produced interesting accounts of her expeditions.
D She drew some unreliable maps.
36 According to the writer, why did Stark become an expert on the lives of women in the places she went to?
A She gained access to women more easily than to men.
B She was more interested in the lives of women than of men.
C She met them while studying their traditional costumes.
D She was introduced to local women by other female travellers.
حقوق محفوظ، سلف اوستادی، 1402
33 C: She wanted to escape her situation at the time:
chose Arabic in the hope that it might provide an opportunity to get away. Distraction: A: a professor
is mentioned but he recommended Icelandic, B: a friend joined her on a trip but that was not stated as motivation to learn Arabic; D: her prior interest was not mentioned
34 B : She took less baggage on her trip than Bell
took. Stark took pride in travelling without servants
or extra belongings, comparing herself favourably in this regard to writer and explorer Gertrude Bell.
Distraction: A they made similar trips but timing isn’t mentioned; C: it states that Bell is Oxfordeducated but no comparison is made with Stark’s education; D: Stark considered herself a more
intrepid traveller but we don’t know that it is because of the route taken.
35 C: She produced interesting accounts of her
expeditions. Freya Stark gained a high degree of respect for her sharp observations and compelling tales of her travels…. people read her books for the descriptions of the journey. Distractions: A the
text states that she did not make any huge new discoveries as an explorer; B: the writer doesn’t
give an opinion on whether she deserved more recognition, though said she gained respect; D She
was able to accurately record unmarked villages and
mountains (so not unreliable).
36 A: She gained access to women more easily than
to men: the only people available to speak with her were the women. Distraction: B: she was more interested in the men at first : Stark might have approached the women as a way of gaining trust and reaching the powerful men; C she got specialised knowledge of the domestic arrangements, costumes
as a result of her contact with women but this was not what she went to study; D: the text states that Stark approached the women.